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Selenium is a popular open-source framework for automating web browsers. It allows you to write scripts in various programming languages (such as Java, Python, C#, etc.) to interact with web elements and perform automated testing of web applications.

Frontend automation testing with Selenium involves using the Selenium framework to automate the testing of the user interface (UI) and functionality of a web application or website. 

 This type of testing is focused on ensuring that the frontend of the application works as expected, including checking that elements are displayed correctly, forms can be filled, buttons and links function as intended, and that the overall user experience is error-free.

Components of Automation Testing –Frontend using Selenium:

Selenium consists of three major components that allow it to interact with different web browsers, automate various actions, parallel testing, record and playback actions, and much more. Three major components of Selenium are;

Selenium WebDriver

Selenium Grid

Selenium IDE

Here are detailed explanations of each component and how those components enable effective web browser automation.

Selenium WebDriver:

Selenium WebDriver is an integral part of the Selenium suite, designed to provide a simpler, more concise programming interface and address some limitations in the Selenium-RC API.

The ability to operate on a browser the way a human would but through a programmatic interface opens up a realm of possibilities in automated browser testing. Selenium WebDriver comprises of 4 main components:

1. Selenium Client Libraries

2. JSON Wire Protocol Over HTTP Client

3. Browser Drivers

4. Real Browsers

Selenium Grid:

Selenium Grid allows parallel testing against various browsers & OS combinations through a Client-Server model. Here, the Server is known as the Hub which has multiple Clients to interact with.

With Selenium Grid, you can connect a server to multiple remote machines which can then be used to run a browser automation script over multiple browser + OS configurations, simultaneously.

Selenium IDE:

Selenium IDE also known as the Selenium Recorder was made available for use in 2006. It offers an Integrated Development Environment to record and playback test scripts. Selenium IDE is available as a Mozilla Firefox add-on and a Google Chrome plugin.

Importance of Automation Testing-Frontend using Selenium:

Selenium automation testing is widely adopted throughout the web development domain. Almost every business that is running online through a website or web-application is having Selenium tool incorporated in their testing work flows. Here are some  key reasons why frontend automation with selenium is significant:

1. Browser-Based Regression Automation

2. Scalability and Distribution Across Environments

3. Mitigating Repetitive Manual Testing

4. Integration with Continuous Testing and DevOps Pipelines

5. Enhanced Debugging and Reporting Capabilities

6. Vibrant Community and Extensive Learning Resources

Framework of Automation Testing Frontend Using Selenium:

    Job Roles:

    1. Selenium Test Automation Engineer

    2. Quality Assurance Engineer

    3. Java Selenium Automation Testing Engineer

  4. Automation Tester (Selenium)

  5. PA-Automation Selenium Tester

  6. Senior Quality Engineer – Automation

  7. Mobile Testing Lead

  8. Java Selenium Automation Engineer

  9. Selenium Test Analyst

  10. Senior QA Automation Engineer

  11. Software Development Test Engineer

Expected Package In Automation Front end( Selenium ):

Salary is an essential part of any job but with a good salary, one has to have good experience too. The average salary ranges from approximately 13 lakhs to 35 lakhs per annum

Technologies Used:

1. Ruby

2. Java

3. NodeJS

4. PHP

5. Perl

6. Python

7. JavaScript

8. C#

9. VBScript,

10. Jscript,

11. Delphi Script,

12. C#.


Course  Highlights:

The Automation Testing Frontend (Selenium ) course by SCODEEN GLOBAL brings you numerous benefits.

1- Suited for students, fresher’s, professionals, and corporate employees

2- Live online classes

3- 4-month program

4- Certificate of completion

5- Decision Oriented Program of Analysis

6- Live Classes by highly experienced faculties

7- Hands-on experience with real-life case studies


Selenium is one of the most used tools for automated tests because it provides several options to suit your needs. A big advantage is that it is free as well as easy to use. IDE is an option if you need simple tests that can be created without much programming skills. Also, if you don’t have time for an extensive setup. WebDriver is a more complex option but ideal for thorough testing. It offers many possibilities that you can use with some programming skills. Also, it enables you to use mock server so that you don’t have to use real data every time a test is run.

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